Contrary to rumors circulating on social media, U.S. President Donald Trump’s proposal to extend Temporary Protective Status or TPS for current beneficiaries by three years is unlikely to help many U.S.-based Liberians in immigration limbo.
The measure was included in Trump’s recent proposal to reopen the government and is dependent on acceptance by the U.S. Congress.
TPS is a temporary immigration status allowing qualified individuals from designated countries who are in the U.S. to stay for a limited time period due to certain conditions, such as on-going armed conflict, environmental disaster, or other extraordinary and temporary conditions in the designated country.
Individuals from Liberia, Guinea, and Sierra Leone were placed on that list after the Ebola outbreak to offer them protection from the epidemic. According to U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Service, the designation of TPS for those three countries was terminated since May 21, 2017, and any individual previously on that status that has not left the country or transferred to another status would be in the country illegally.
However, there are still some Liberians on another short-term immigration status, Deferred Enforced Departure. Only Liberians are currently covered under this status and it allows about 4,000 of them to work and stay in the U.S. legally.
In 1999, following the end of the first civil war, American President Bill Clinton first authorized DED for Liberians, for a one‑year period. Clinton then reauthorized DED for Liberians after he found that the political and economic conditions in Liberia at the time was still not guaranteed.
In 2007, President George Bush directed that DED be extended for 18 months. He further directed the Secretary of Homeland Security to issue procedures for granting work authorization to DED-covered Liberians.
Also, in March 2009, President Barack Obama extended DED for an additional 12 months, which was extended in March 2010, August 2011 and March 2013, for an additional 18 months. Obama granted an additional 24 months in September of 2013, and the last 18 months in September 2016, as he was preparing to leave office.
Last year, Trump decided to terminate Deferred Enforced Departure after March 31, 2019. Liberians currently benefiting from that status are not eligible for Trump’s proposed compromise with Democrats as a means to end the partial shutdown the U.S. government has been experiencing since December. Democrats within the U.S. Congress have refused to pass a bill to approve US$5.7 billion to fund a U.S.-Mexico border wall.
According to a White House briefing, the proposal to grant provisional status to immigrants, including 300,000 TPS recipients, is part of Trump’s willingness to compromise to reopen the government. The proposal does not mention DED beneficiaries.
The American president stuck to his demand that US$5.7 billion be allocated for the border wall with Mexico as part of any bill to fully reopen the government.
“I am here today to break the logjam and provide Congress with a path forward to end the government shutdown and solve the crisis along the southern border,” he said.
However, U.S. House of Representatives Speaker and top Democrat, Nancy Pelosi said in a statement that said the president’s offer was unlikely to gain the votes needed to pass the House or Senate.
Pelosi described the offer as “unacceptable,” adding that it did not represent “a good-faith effort to restore certainty to people’s lives.”
Featured photo courtesy of Courtney Perry/MPR News